Dolphinfish (aka mahi mahi) caught in the U.S. Atlantic with handlines, hand-operated pole-and-lines or trolling lines is a “Best Choice.” The population is likely stable, and overfishing is a low concern. However, these fisheries also catch yellowfin tuna, which are depleted in the Atlantic. Management is rated moderately effective, and some conservation measures are in place for dolphinfish.
Dolphinfish caught in the Eastern Central Pacific in the unassociated purse seine fishery or by U.S., Ecuadorian and Panamanian fleets is a “Good Alternative.” Management of these fisheries is rated moderately effective or effective, but the catch of endangered and overfished species remains a high concern.
All other imported sources of dolphinfish caught in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans are on the “Avoid” list. Dolphinfish are primarily caught with drifting longlines or in floating object purse seine (FAD) fisheries that target tuna. The catch of at-risk species is a serious concern in these fisheries, and bycatch of sea turtles and seabirds is a critical concern in the South Atlantic. In addition, management of these international fisheries is rated ineffective. The status of dolphinfish in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans is unknown or uncertain.